Blessed Trinity Roman Catholic Church is one of the finest examples of 12th century Lombard-Romanesque architecture in the United States. Located at 317 Leroy Avenue in the heart of Buffalo, New York, the edifice is on the National Register of Historic Places. Its unique style makes it stand out from other churches in Western New York.

Blessed Trinity Parish was established in the northeast section of the City of Buffalo in 1906. In the early 1920s, the second pastor, Rev. Albert Fritton, wanted to build a new church like those found in northern Italy. He selected Chester Oakley and Albert Schallmo as architects. Construction began in 1923 and the church was dedicated in 1928. When it was completed, the total expenditures amounted to $513,000. In 1976, the replacement cost of the building was estimated at four and a quarter million dollars. Today, it would be impossible to reproduce as it now stands because craftsmen knowledgeable in the various processes used in its construction are no longer available.


Scheduling a Tour

Individuals or groups wishing to schedule tours of the church at other times of the year may do so by contacting the rectory at 716-833-0301 or using the contact form at the bottom of this page.

New York Landmarks Conservancy’s Sacred Sites Open House Sunday, May 19, 2019 12 Noon – 3:00 PM

(Top left, , clockwise): Friends Meeting House of Flushing; Blessed Trinity Church, Buffalo by Gary Kelley; Sacred Heart Ukranian Church, Johnson City by Jean Siegrist; Bialystoker Synagogue, NYC

On May 19, 2019, Blessed Trinity will participate in the New York Landmarks Conservancy’s Ninth Annual Sacred Sites Open House Weekend, with our church serving as the “medieval” inspiration for the Conservancy’s 2019 theme: Medieval to Modern: Celebrating New York’s Religious Art and Architecture. Click HERE for complete information about Blessed Trinity’s religious art and architecture and how you can participate in the public tours which are part of this event.

Eighty-eight years later, we're still celebrating the history of our Landmark Church, its place in our community, and the congregations who have called it home. Photo credit: Todd Treat

Ninety-one years later, we’re still celebrating the history of our Landmark Church, its place in our community, and the congregations who have called it home. Photo credit: Todd Treat

Holiday Tours of Blessed Trinity – November 30 & December 29, 2019

Explore Buffalo™ is again bringing their seasonal tours to Blessed Trinity Church and inviting the public to see our Landmark structure and meet our docent team. The Thanksgiving Weekend tour will be Saturday, November 30 from 2:00 – 4:00 PM. The Christmas Weekend tour will be Sunday, December 29 from 12:30 – 2:30 PM. Cost: $15 per person. Reservations can be made by contacting Explore Buffalo at explore [at] explorebuffalo [dot] org or 716-245-3032. Walk-ins are also welcome. Either weekend presents a...

Original Church Bell on Permanent Display

Welcome Home St. Helena ~ The first building constructed by Blessed Trinity parish was a combination church/school building completed in 1907 at 307 Leroy Avenue. Two years later, a bell manufactured by the McShane Bell Company in Baltimore, Maryland was installed in its steeple. It was customary for a church bell to be given a saint’s name, and Blessed Trinity’s bell – a gift of parishioner Helena Eckard -- was named “St. Helena” after her patron saint. The 2017 sale of the former...

WGRZ-TV Visit Highlights May 19, 2019 Sacred Sites Open House

WGRZ-TV's Kevin O'Neill and his photographic assistant, Charles, visited Blessed Trinity very early Thursday morning April 25, for a "Daybreak" feature. They also did a much lengthier Facebook Live session with members of our docent team. [Click HERE to view this sneak peek]. We invite you to experience Blessed Trinity on Sunday, May 19, from 12 Noon-3pm when our docents will share even more information than we were able to give our friends from Channel 2. We will be participating in the NY...

Church’s Architecture featured in Buffalo News

The May 22, 2018 Buffalo News (pages B-1 and C-12) highlights architectural features of our church in a pictorial array. To really appreciate the fine work of their photographer, Derek Gee, and view places in the church that you can’t normally see, visit the Buffalo News Photo Gallery. It includes 100 photos taken of our church!

The New York State Landmarks Conservancy’s Sacred Sites Open House Weekend

Blessed Trinity participates annually in The New York State Landmarks Conservancy’s Sacred Sites Open House Weekend, taking place May 21 and 22, 2016. Click HERE for more information about this opportunity to visit our church and other local houses of worship. While you’re in the neighborhood, you might want to compare the medieval form of brick laying displayed in Blessed Trinity Church with that of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Darwin D. Martin House, located less than a mile from the Church at 125...

The Buffalo Alliance for Sacred Places

The National Trust for Historic Preservation 2011 Conference in Buffalo put our city’s architectural treasury of civic, sacred and residential landmarks “front and center” for a national audience. In the aftermath of this high profile event, a new collaborative titled the Buffalo Alliance (the “Alliance”) for Sacred Places has been formed “to promote the preservation and appreciation of the art, architecture and history of Buffalo’s houses of worship.” The initial member organizations, which...

National Trust for Historic Preservation

From October 18 – 22, 2011, more than 2,500 delegates attended the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s annual conference in Buffalo. To celebrate this major tourism event and the architectural wonders of Western New York – of which we are one – Blessed Trinity opened its doors for free, docent-guided tours on October 22nd and 23rd. More than 65 visitors from as near as Woodbridge Avenue and as far as Massachusetts, Virginia, Wisconsin, San Francisco, CA (!) and Toronto, Canada joined us...

Outstanding Features

Harvard Bricks

Photo by Margaret Dick

The structure is constructed of medieval, handmade, Harvard (unmolded) brick set in a variety of patterns. During medieval times, most bricks were made without molds. The clay was mixed with water in a shallow pit, then cut into shape for bricks. After they were shaped and sun-dried, the bricks were stacked for firing. Wood was piled neatly all around the bricks and a fire was kept burning until the bricks were thoroughly baked. The outer bricks were often coal black and the inner ones rich reds and oranges. The medieval method also produced bricks in various shapes, some regular and some irregular. To use all the bricks made, medieval bricklayers used odd-shaped bricks, sometimes working their own patterns here and there into the construction.

This same method was employed in the 1920s by descendants of French brickmakers at Exeter, NH, where the bricks for Blessed Trinity were made. Once they reached the church site, they were laid in a thick, soft mortar bed, as in the medieval fashion, which produced a solid bond between brick and mortar.

The walls of Blessed Trinity are two feet thick. To produce solid, well-bonded walls, the bricks are often crossed and laid lengthwise into the wall, with the ends or “headers” exposed. Because of the many odd shapes and variation of colors, the 20th century bricklayers were unfamiliar with a method for laying these bricks, so architect Chester Oakley had to provide special training for them. After they learned the technique, they were allowed to work in their own designs. The herring-bone design on the exterior of the apse and the small designs within the exterior arches of the facade and nave are based on definite historical precedents.

The main portico of the exterior is not red stone with ceramic ornaments, but made entirely of terra cotta – Photo by Steve Mangione

Photo by Ray Ordinario – Terra Cotta Columns and Arches


The common building material used on the windows, doorways, floors, columns and arches of the interior is terra cotta, which is employed for decorative as well as structural purposes. It is relatively inexpensive, is very plastic for modeling, offers great freedom to an artist, and it is very durable. The ceramics at Blessed Trinity were made in Crum Lynne, Pennsylvania. All pieces were handmade, carefully fitted together, fired for two weeks, individually marked, and finally shipped to Buffalo. It took two men approximately two years to set all the ornamental pieces.

Photo by Bridget Blesnuk – Floor Tile with Symbol

Photo by Duane Held

Iconographic Symbols

Most visitors to Blessed Trinity Church are astounded by the quantity and variety of symbols used throughout the structure. The architects asked the Rev. Thomas Plassmann, OFM, president of St. Bonaventure College, to work out a comprehensive plan of symbols for the church, similar to those used by medieval artisans. The symbols speak of nature (animals, reptiles, flora), science (rivers, winds, months (Signs of the Zodiac), seasons, arts, crafts, trades), history (the march of man from creation to the end of time), and morals (beliefs, virtues, vices, and the purpose of human life). In all, there are more than 2000 symbols and pictures spread throughout the building, the largest number of them appearing in the terracotta. Seen through its expansive iconography, Blessed Trinity Church presents a comprehensive view of Christianity.

Because there are so many symbols involved in the fabric and decoration of the church, some visitors may feel overwhelmed with information and ideas. Therefore, it is recommended that persons wishing to understand and absorb the meaning of these artistic representations make repeated visits to the church, taking time to view and enjoy new discoveries each time they come. These symbols are, after all, a living link with a great medieval tradition of iconography in which the visible is often a vehicle for a deeper, spiritual truth.